Interior of Castlemoyle Books in downtown Pomeroy, Washington

From the Shelves at Castlemoyle.com

 

Original Price: $32.95
Your Price: $29.66
You Save: $3.29

 

We're Sorry, This
item is currently
Not in Stock

Hands-on Chemistry Activities w/ Real-Life Applica

 

Category: Science: Chemistry

 


Author:
Norman Herr/James Cunning

 

Copyright/published Year: 1999 by Ctr for Applied Rese

 

ISBN: 0-87628-262-1

 

Binding: Paper


Description:

Easy-to-Use labs and Demonstrations for Grades 8 to 12
Here are over 300 intriguing demonstrations, labs, and other activities using everyday examples to make chemistry concepts easy to understand. Materials are organized into five units of study, including Measurement, Matter, Chemical & Nuclear Reactions, Thermodynamics & Kinetics, and Gases, Liquids, Solids & Mixtures. Each lesson provides a concise introduction using common knowledge examples...reproducible pages forstudents... a "To the Teacher" information section... and a listing of additional applications students can relate to. Over 450 illustrations and 100 tables supplement instruction.


Contents

ABOUT THE AUTHORS  iv
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS  v
ABOUT THIS RESOURCE  vi

UNIT ONE: MEASUREMENT
1

1.1 Language of Chemistry  2

1.1.1 Nomenclature: Elements  4
1.1.2 Nomenclature: Compounds  7
1.1.3 Chemical Terminology: Understanding the Language of Chemistry  11
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 1.1.1­p;1.1.3)  19
Applications to Everyday Life  24
1.2 Units of Measurement  25
1.2.1 The Importance of Units  27
1.2.2 Units in Chemistry  29
1.2.3 Problem Solving (Dimensional Analysis)  32
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 1.2.1­p;1.2.3)  35
Applications to Everyday Life  41
1.3 Measurement  42
1.3.1 Length: Estimating and Measuring  44
1.3.2 Area: Estimating and Measuring  47
1.3.3 Volume: Estimating and Measuring  49
1.3.4 Measuring Mass  53
1.3.5 Density of Solids  56
1.3.6 Density of Liquids  58
1.3.7 Density of Solutions  60
1.3.8 Density of Solutions: The Mystery of the Strait of Gibraltar  62
1.3.9 Density of Gases  65
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 1.3.1­p;1.3.9)  67
Applications to Everyday Life  78

UNIT TWO: MATTER
79

2.1 Atomic Structure  80

2.1.1 Atoms are Mostly Empty Space  85
2.1.2 Atomic Spectra  87
2.1.3 Wave Characteristics  90
2.1.4 Quantum Numbers and Electron Orbitals  93
2.1.5 Electron Configuration  98
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 2.1.1­p;2.1.5)  100
Applications to Everyday Life  106
2.2 The Periodic Law  108
2.2.1 Finding the "Missing Elements"  112
2.2.2 Designing Your Own Periodic Table  114
2.2.3 Family Characteristics  117
2.2.4 Trends Within Families  120
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 2.2.1­p;2.2.4)  124
Applications to Everyday Life  129
2.3 Diffusion and Osmosis  130
2.3.1 Brownian Motion  131
2.3.2 Diffusion of Gases  132
2.3.3 The Effect of Temperature on Diffusion  133
2.3.4 The Effect of Molecular Size on Diffusion Rate  134
2.3.5 Osmosis  137
2.3.6 Osmotic Pressure  139
2.3.7 Dialysis  140
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 2.3.1­p;2.3.7)  141
Applications to Everyday Life  145
2.4 Changes of State  147
2.4.1 Relative Volumes of Solid, Liquid and Gas Phase  149
2.4.2 Heats of Fusion and Vaporization  152
2.4.3 Boiling: The Influence of Pressure  154
2.4.4 Distillation  157
2.4.5 Sublimation of Carbon Dioxide  160
2.4.6 Triple Point; Phase Diagram of Carbon Dioxide  162
2.4.7 Regelation: Phase Diagram of Water  164
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 2.4.1­p;2.4.7)  166
Applications to Everyday Life  174
2.5 Classification of Matter  176
2.5.1 Physical and Chemical Changes  178
2.5.2 Separation of Pure Substances and Mixtures: Chromatography  180
2.5.3 Identification of Physical and Chemical Changes  183
2.5.4 Elements and Compounds  184
2.5.5 Extensive and Intensive Physical Properties  186
2.5.6 Identifying Unknowns by Physical and Chemical Properties  188
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 2.5.1­p;2.5.6)  190
Applications to Everyday Life  195

UNIT THREE: CHEMICAL AND NUCLEAR REACTIONS
197

3.1 Chemical Bonding   198

3.1.1 Law of Definite Proportions  200
3.1.2 Bond Formation  202
3.1.3 Nonpolar and Polar Covalent Bonds  205
3.1.4 Covalent and Ionic Bonds  206
3.1.5 Metallic Bonding  208
3.1.6 Intermolecular Forces  210
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 3.1.1­p;3.1.6)  213
Applications to Everyday Life  217
3.2 Types of Chemical Reactions  219
3.2.1 Composition (Synthesis, Combination) Reactions  221
3.2.2 Decomposition Reactions  223
3.2.3 Single Displacement (Single Replacement) Reactions  226
3.2.4 Double Replacement (Ion-Combining) Reactions  231
3.2.5 Combustion Reactions  235
3.2.6 Addition Reactions  239
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 3.2.1­p;3.2.6)  243
Applications to Everyday Life  250
3.3 Oxidation-Reduction (Redox) Reactions  251
3.3.1 Oxidation States  255
3.3.2 Oxidation and Reduction  258
3.3.3 Dramatic Oxidation Reactions  262
3.3.4 Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Reactions  267
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 3.3.1­p;3.3.4)  270
Applications to Everyday Life  276
3.4 Electrochemistry   279
3.4.1 Electrode Potentials  281
3.4.2 Energy Transformation  283
3.4.3 Voltaic Cell  285
3.4.4 Batteries  289
3.4.5 Electrolysis  293
3.4.6 Electroplating  296
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 3.4.1­p;3.4.6)  297
Applications to Everyday Life  303
3.5 Polymers   305
3.5.1 Polymerization  308
3.5.2 Cross-Linking Polymers  310
3.5.3 Uses of Polymers  314
3.5.4 Recycling Plastic Polymers  317
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 3.5.1­p;3.5.4)  320
Applications to Everyday Life  323
3.6 Nuclear Chemistry   325
3.6.1 Detecting Radiation with a Cloud Chamber  328
3.6.2 Detecting Radiation with an Electroscope  330
3.6.3 Detecting Radiation with a Geiger Counter  332
3.6.4 Modeling Nuclear Reactions  334
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 3.6.1­p;3.6.4)  339
Applications to Everyday Life  343

UNIT FOUR: THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS
347

4.1 Thermochemistry  348

4.1.1 Endothermic Reactions  350
4.1.2 Heats of Dilution and Solution  352
4.1.3 Chemical Hand-Warmer  354
4.1.4 Heat of Reaction  356
4.1.5 Caloric Content of Foods  358
4.1.6 Entropy  360
4.1.7 Entropy-Driven Reactions  362
4.1.8 Entropy and Enthalpy  364
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 4.1.1­p;4.1.8)  365
Applications to Everyday Life  371
4.2 Heat Transfer  373
4.2.1 Heat Conduction in Metals  375
4.2.2 Conduction and Combustion  377
4.2.3 Conduction: Davy Safety Lamp  379
4.2.4 Convection in Gases  381
4.2.5 Convection in Liquids  383
4.2.6 Radiation  385
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 4.2.1­p;4.2.6)  387
Applications to Everyday Life  391
4.3 Chemical Kinetics  392
4.3.1 The Effect of Concentration on Reaction Rate  393
4.3.2 The Effect of Temperature on Reaction Rate  395
4.3.3 The Effect of Temperature and Concentration on Reaction Rate  397
4.3.4 Catalysts, Reaction Rates and Activation Energy  398
4.3.5 Enzymes  401
4.3.6 Oscillating Chemical Reactions  403
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 4.3.1­p;4.3.6)  405
Applications to Everyday Life  410
4.4 Chemical Equilibrium   412
4.4.1 Models of Dynamic Equilibrium  414
4.4.2 Disruption of Equilibrium  416
4.4.3 The Effect of Concentration on Equilibrium  418
4.4.4 The Effect of Pressure on Equilibrium  420
4.4.5 The Effect of Temperature on Equilibrium  422
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 4.4.1­p;4.4.5)  425
Applications to Everyday Life  431

UNIT FIVE: GASES, LIQUIDS, SOLIDS, AND MIXTURES
433

5.1 Gases  434

5.1.1 Properties of Gases  436
5.1.2 Pressure-Volume Relationship of Gases (Boyle's Law)  439
5.1.3 Temperature-Volume Relationship of Gases (Charles's Law)   442
5.1.4 Hot Air Balloons: An Application of Charles's Law  446
5.1.5 Temperature-Pressure Relationships of Gases (Gay-Lussac's Law)  448
5.1.6 Avogadro's Principle  450
5.1.7 Measuring Atmospheric Pressure  452
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 5.1.1­p;5.1.7)  454
Applications to Everyday Life  463
5.2 Colloids and Suspensions   466
5.2.1 Tyndall Effect  468
5.2.2 Classification of Dispersions: Solutions, Colloids, and Suspensions  470
5.2.3 Brownian Motion in Colloids  473
5.2.4 Making Colloids  475
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 5.2.1­p;5.2.4)  478
Applications to Everyday Life  481
5.3 Solutes, Solvents, Solutions   482
5.3.1 Solubility (Solute/Solvent Interaction)  483
5.3.2 Surface Area and Dissolution Rate  485
5.3.3 Temperature and Dissolution Rate  486
5.3.4 Enthalpy of Solution  488
5.3.5 Solubility of Gases in Liquids  490
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 5.3.1­p;5.3.5)  494
Applications to Everyday Life  499
5.4 Colligative Properties   501
5.4.1 Raoult's Law  502
5.4.2 Freezing Point Depression  504
5.4.3 Boiling Point Elevation  507
5.4.4 Osmotic Pressure  509
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 5.4.1­p;5.4.4)  513
Applications to Everyday Life  517
5.5 Acids and Bases   518
5.5.1 Acids  520
5.5.2 Bases  524
5.5.3 pH Scale  526
5.5.4 Acid/Base Concentration, Equivalence, and Strength  529
5.5.5 Acid Rain  531
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 5.5.1­p;5.5.5)  534
Applications to Everyday Life  541
5.6 Acid and Base Reactions   543
5.6.1 Neutralization  544
5.6.2 Titration  549
5.6.3 Buffering  553
5.6.4 Soil pH  556
5.6.5 pH Control of Respiration  559
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 5.6.1­p;5.6.5)  562
Applications to Everyday Life  566
5.7 Crystals and Crystallization   568
5.7.1 Supersaturation and Crystallization  569
5.7.2 Crystallization by Evaporation  572
5.7.3 Growing Crystals; Crystal Shapes  574
5.7.4 Metallic Crystals  577
5.7.5 Silicate Crystals  579
5.7.6 Stalactites and Stalagmites  581
5.7.7 Rate of Crystallization and Crystal Size  584
For the Teacher (Discussion and Answer Keys for Activities 5.7.1­p;5.7.7)  586
Applications to Everyday Life  590

APPENDIX
593

A.1 Units, Quantities, and Conversions  594

1.1 Physical Quantities and Their SI Units  594
1.2 Metric System Prefixes  595
1.3 SI and Customary Units and Conversions  596
1.4 Common Conversions  597
1.5 Units of Pressure   598
1.6 Vapor Pressure of Water  599
A.2 Language of Chemistry  600
2.1 Writing Style Guidelines   600
2.2 Root Words Used Frequently in Chemistry  602
2.3 Etymology of the Names of the Elements   607
2.4 Balancing Equations  610
A.3 Safety  611
3.1 Sample Safety Contract   611
3.2 Chemical Storage  612
3.3 Disposal of Chemicals  614
3.4 Common Chemical Hazard Labels  615
A.4 Chemical Procurement and Preparation  616
4.1 Common and Inexpensive Sources of Chemicals  616
4.2 Preparation of Stock Solutions and Dilutions  621
4.3 Preparation of Acid and Base Stock Solutions  623
A.5 Chemical Information   624
5.1 Properties of Common Elements  624
5.2 Common Ions  625
5.3 Standard Reduction Potentials  626
A.6 Periodic Table  627
6.1 The Periodic Table of the Elements  627

INDEX
629

 


Condition Information

This book is new.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Comments to: castlemoyle.com
© Castlemoyle Books and Gifts

Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (Pacific Time)
We are closed weekends and U.S. Holidays

Castlemoyle Books
694 Main Street
Mail: PO Box 520
Pomeroy WA 99347
Phone: 509-843-5009
Toll Free Orders 1-888-SPELL-86
Fax: 509-843-3183
email: info@castlemoyle.com

 

Page Name: www.castlemoyle.com/shopping/display.asp?idno=SCIE23171